Convergence, cross-section approaches

Updated 31 October 2006

Introductory reading

Barro, R. J. and Sala-i-Martin, X. (1992). Convergence. Journal of Political Economy, 100(2), 223-251.

Baumol, W. J. (1986). Productivity growth, convergence and welfare: what the long-run data show. American Economic Review, 1072-1085.

de la Fuente, Angel (1997). The empirics of growth and convergence: a selective review. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 21, 23-73.

De Long, J. B. (1988). Productivity growth, convergence and welfare: comment. American Economic Review, 1138-1154.

Dowrick, S. and Nguyen, D. (1989). OECD comparative economic growth 1950-85: catch-up and convergence. American Economic Review, 1010-1030.

Durlauf, S. N. (1996). On the convergence and divergence of growth rates: an introduction. Economic Journal, 106, 1016-1019.

Mankiw, N. G., Romer, D. and Weil, D. N. (1992). A contribution to the empirics of economic growth. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 407-437.

Sala-i-Martin, X. (1995). The classical approach to convergence analysis. Economic Journal, 106, 1019-1036.

Further reading

This further reading mainly consists of important criticisms of the approach used in most of the papers above.

Andres, J., Domenech, R. and Molinas, C. (1996). Macroeconomic performance and convergence in OECD countries. European Economic Review, 40, 1683-1704.

Benhabib, J. and Gali, J. (1995). On growth and indeterminacy: some theory and evidence. Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, 43, 163-211.

Bernard, A. B. and Durlauf, S. N. (1996). Interpreting tests of the convergence hypothesis. Journal of Econometrics, 71, 161-173.

Brumm, Harold J. (1997). Military spending, government disarray, and economic growth: a cross-country empirical analysis. Journal of Macroeconomics, 19(4), Fall, 827-838.

Brumm, Harold J. (1999). Rent seeking and economic growth: evidence from the States. Cato Journal, 19(1), 7-16.

Cho, D. (1996). An alternative interpretation of conditional convergence results. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 28, 669-681.

Cook, David (1998). World War II and convergence. Mimeo.

Dowrick, S. and Gemmell, N. (1991). Industrialisation, catching up and economic growth: a comparative study across the world’s capitalist economies. Economic Journal, 263-275.

Dowrick, S. and Quiggin, J. (1997). True measures of GDP and convergence. American Economic Review, 87, 41-64.

Durlauf, S. N. and Johnson, P. A. (1995). Multiple regimes and cross-country growth behaviour. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 10, 365-384.

Evans, P. and Karras, G. (1996). Convergence revisited. Journal of Monetary Economics, April, 37(2), 249-265.

Hart, P. E. (1995). Galtonian regression across countries and the convergence of productivity. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 57(3), 287-293.

Keefer, Philip and Knack, Stephen (1997). Why don’t poor countries catch up? A cross-national test of an institutional explanation. Economic Inquiry, 35(3), July, 590-602.

Kocherlakota, N. R. and Yi, K.-M. (1995). Can convergence regressions distinguish between exogenous and endogenous growth models? Economics Letters, 49, 211-215.

Lee, K., Pesaran, M. H. and Smith, R. (1997). Growth and convergence in a multi-country empirical stochastic Solow model.
Journal of Applied Econometrics, 12, 357-392.

Lee, K., Pesaran, M. H. and Smith, R. (1998). Growth empirics: a panel data approach – a comment.
Journal of Applied Econometrics, 113(1), February, 319-323.

Leung, C. and Quah, Danny T. (1996). Convergence, endogenous growth and productivity disturbances. Journal of Monetary Economics, 38(3), December, 535-547.

Mathunjwa, Jochonia S. and Temple, Jonathan R. W. (2006). Convergence behaviour in exogenous growth models. University of Bristol discussion paper 06/590.

Paci, Raffaele and Pigliaru, Francesco (1997). Structural change and convergence: an Italian regional perspective. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 8, 297-318.

Quah, Danny T. (1993). Galton’s Fallacy and tests of the convergence hypothesis. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 95, 427-443.

Quah, Danny T. (1995). Empirics for economic growth and convergence. European Economic Review, 40, 1353-1375.

Quah, Danny T. (1996). Twin Peaks: growth and convergence in models of distribution dynamics. Economic Journal, 106, July, 1045-1055.

Sala-i-Martin, Xavier (1996). Regional cohesion: evidence and theories of regional growth and convergence. European Economic Review, 40, 1325-1352.

Temple, Jonathan R. W. (1998). Robustness tests of the augmented Solow model Journal of Applied Econometrics, 13(4), July-August, 361-375.

Ventura, J. (1997). Growth and interdependence. Quarterly Journal of Economics, February, 57-84.

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