Updated May 2006
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Alesina, Alberto, et al (2003). Fractionalization. Journal of Economic Growth, June, 8(2), 155-94.
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Collier, Paul (2000). Ethnicity, Politics and Economic Performance. Economics and Politics, November, 12(3), 225-45.
Collier, Paul and Hoeffler, Anke (1998). On Economic Causes of Civil War. Oxford Economic Papers. October, 50(4), 563-73.
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Leis, P. E. (1995). Ethnic conflict, history, and state formation in Africa. In C. Goldscheider (ed.) Population, ethnicity, and nation-building. Westview Press, Oxford.
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Montalvo, Jose G. and Reynal Querol, Marta (2003). Religious Polarization and Economic Development. Economics Letters, August, 80(2), 201-10.
Temple, Jonathan (1998). Initial conditions, social capital, and growth in Africa. Journal of African Economies, 7(3), 309-347.